• Karin Heuert Galvão

What are MOOCs?

Massive Open Online Courses, or also known as MOOCs, happen on different platforms.

They might be free or paid, and usually, there is no prerequisite to join in as a student.


This term was coined in 2008 by Dave Cormier and Bryan Alexander as a reference to a course given by George Siemens and Stephen Downes.

In 2008, Siemens and Downes offered a course called “Connectivism and Connective Knowledge,” this course is known to be the first MOOC ever.

There were 2,400 students!!!


The essence of courses like this one was the spirit of collaboration. In other words, besides learning the content that the creators have developed, the students can also add to the course by commenting on forums, blogs, or even videos.

These participants are what we call PROSUMERS, students that are Producers and Consumers at the same time.


MOOCs also foster the feeling of PLEs (Personal Learning Environments), this way, the learner can build their activities or resources.

MOOCs are all about social and collaborative learning.


Have you ever taken part in a MOOC?